Significance of adsorption process in water purification

Sahu, Parul ; Soni, Anjali

Abstract

Water is an integral component of life. In the last few years, there has been a steady increase in demand for suitable water resources as a result of population growth, urbanization, migration and industrialization. But due to indiscriminate development works, the quality and availability of water resources are being negatively affected. In many parts of the world, people are forced to use contaminated drinking water. In this scenario, purification of water before it is consumed or used is absolutely essential. Various traditional and modern treatment options are being used on the basis of the communion present in water. Of these, the adsorption process plays an important role in water purification. In this article, basic aspects of the adsorption process are covered. Subsequently, the importance of adsorption in domestic water treatment and industrial waste treatment has been highlighted.

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