Re-engineering of bicistronic plasmid pGPD/IFN to construct fusion gene co-expressing Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene (GAPDH) of Edwardsiella tarda and Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) gene of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) and its in vitro functional analysis
Edwardsiella septicemia disease in the cultured Indian major carps is caused by the fish pathogen Edwardsiella tarda and it is preventable by DNA vaccination. Here, we tried to develop a bicistronic DNA vaccine pGPD/IFN expressing the Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene of Edwardsiella tarda and Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) gene of Labeo rohita. The vaccine showed high protective efficiency in our previous studies; however as a limitation of bicistronic construct the expression of gene cloned in second frame (B) is poor. To overcome this limitation we re-engineered the construct and designed a fusion gene co-expressing the GAPDH and IFN-γ genes as one frame with an aim to get the optimum expression of both the genes. For this purpose, a fusion insert comprising GAPDH and IFN-γ coding sequences was cloned in to pcDNA3.1(+) plasmid vector. The fusion genes' in vitro expression was confirmed in the striped snakehead fish cell line (SSN-1). Successful expression of the re-engineered fusion gene DNA vaccine in the cell line was achieved at 48h post-transfection, which was confirmed by amplifying the expression transcripts of GAPDH and IFN-γ genes. Thus, the study concludes that the re-engineered fusion vaccine pcGPD/IFN (pcDNA3.1(+) plasmid having fusion GPD/IFN) is functional and can be effectively utilized to vaccinate rohu (Labeo rohita) as it contains the species-specific immune gene (IFN-γ) as an adjuvant.
DNA vaccine; Immune adjuvant; pcGPD/IFN; pIRES; Rohu
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