Kinetic and thermodynamic study of Am(III) sorption on Na-bentonite: Comparison of linear and non-linear methods

Yu, Tao ; Liang, Shimin ; Shang, Xiaoqi


Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of Am (III) sorption on Na-bentonite have been investigated under the given conditions. Comparisons of linear and non-linear methods of three kinetic rate equations and four thermodynamic isotherms have been tested on the experimental data. The results show that sorption of Am (III) on Na-bentonite can be represented by a pseudo-second-order rate equation, and the non-linear pseudo-second-order kinetic expression could fit the kinetics better. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH0, ΔS0 and ΔG0) of Am (III) sorption on Na-bentonite indicate that the sorption process was spontaneous. Freundlich isotherm model is the best-fit model to the experimental data for the sorption of Am (III) on Na-bentonite. Furthermore, the non-linear method is a better way to describe the sorption isotherm than the linear method. Non-linear methods are found to be the better way to obtain the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters.


Sorption; Am (III); Kinetic; Thermodynamics; Linear and non-linear methods

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